You will also need to familiarise yourself with key terms that will be used
throughout the subject.
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A combination of individual and social actions aimed at gaining support and commitment for a particular goal or program.
Critical Approach
This question-based approach to the study of PDHPE involves proposing a range of solutions to the problems being studied. It may involve consideration of alternatives to practices that have been accepted or in place for extended periods of time.
Determinants of Health
The range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors that determine the health status of individuals and populations
Action in partnership with individuals and groups, providing resources and support to empower them to promote and protect their health.
The drug epoetin is a synthetic version of human erythropoieten (EPO). The drug stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells. It is considered as blood doping and its use is banned in sports.
Equity means that resources are allocated in accordance with the needs of individuals and populations with the desired goal of equality of outcomes.
FITT Principle
A framework for developing fitness programs that emphasise the variables Frequency, Intensity, Type of exercise and Time or duration of exercise.
A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Health Promotion
The process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health.
Health Status
The health of an individual or population measured against an identifiable standard.
Jakarta Declaration
The declaration resulted from the World Health Organisation’s 4International Conference on Health Promotion. The declaration raises new health challenges, affirms the Ottawa Charter action areas and establishes the following priorities:
- Promote social responsibility for health
- Increase investments for health development
- Consolidate and expand partnerships for health
- Increase community capacity and empower the individual
- Secure an infrastructure for health promotion.
New Public Health
A model of health recognising the dual role of lifestyle and living conditions as determinants of health status. It involves establishing programs, policies and services that create environments that support health.
Ottawa Charter
The charter represents the views of the World Health Organisation’s First International Conference on Health Promotion. It outlines prerequisites of health and the importance of enabling, mediating and advocating for health. It outlines 5 essential actions for health promotion:
- Build healthy public policy
- Create supportive environments
- Strengthen community action
- Develop personal skills
- Reorient health services
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Functioning is a form of flexibility training. It involves a phase of pushing away from the direction of stretch against resistance. This is followed by a period of relaxation with gentle reversing of the resistance to push along the line of stretch increasing the stretch beyond its normal range.
Reorientating Health Services
Moving the focus of the health sector towards health promotion, prevention and supporting the wellbeing of the whole person to complement traditional roles of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. The health sector is encouraged to also adopt a key role in coordinating other sectors to work for health.
The process and capacity that allows individuals to successfully adapt to challenges in their lives. Resilience is related to the development of personal life skills, such as social problem-solving, assertiveness, negotiation, social support accessing skills and a sense of connectedness.
Social Action
Deliberate activity that is aimed at enhancing the wellbeing of others and oneself. Based on the theory that the nature of society is a product of individuals acting collectively. In the school setting this may include, for example, students participating in decision-making, developing peer support networks, or promoting drug free lifestyles.
Social Construct
A concept that has meaning and shared understandings based on people’s ways of seeing, interpreting, interrelating and interacting.
Social Justice
A value that favours measures that aim at decreasing or eliminating inequity; promoting inclusiveness of diversity; and establishing environments that are supportive of all people.
Related to social and cultural factors that impact on health and physical activity issues.